Coinage of Colonial Dutch America

In 1602, the government of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands chartered the Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie), or VOC with the mission of exploring it for a passage to the Indies and claiming any uncharted areas for the United Provinces, which led to several significant expeditions. The two Dutch settlements in the Americas are, New Netherlands and New Amsterdam.

In 1609, the VOC commissioned English explorer Henry Hudson who, in an attempt to find the so-called Northwest passage to the Indies, discovered and claimed for the VOC parts of the present-day United States and Canada. In the belief that it was the best route to explore, Hudson entered the Upper New York Bay sailing up the Hudson river which now bears his name. In 1614, Adriaen Block led an expedition to the lower Hudson in the Tyger, and then explored the East River aboard the Onrust, becoming the first known European to navigate the Hellegat and enter Long Island Sound. Block Island and its sound were named after him. Upon returning, Block compiled a map, the first to apply the name "New Netherland" to the area between English Virgina and French Canada, where he was later granted exclusive trading rights by the Dutch government.

Area settled by the Dutch in 1660

After some early trading expeditions, the first Dutch settlement in the Americas was founded in 1615: Fort Nasseau, on Castle Island in the Hudson, near present-day Albany. The settlement served mostly as a trade post for fur trade with the natives and was later replaced by Fort Oranje (in English: Fort Orange) at present-day Albany. Both forts were named in honor of the Dutch House of Orange-Nassau.

In 1621, a new company was established with a trading monopoly in the Americas and West Africa: the  Dutch West India Company(Westindische Compagnie or WIC). The WIC sought recognition for the area in the New World ¨C which had been called New Netherland¨C as a province, which was granted in 1623. Soon after, the first colonists, mostly from present-day Belgium and Germany, arrived in the new province. That same year the construction of several fortified trading posts began including the  Fort Huys de Goede Hoop (in English, Fort House of Good Hope), now known as Hartford Conn.

Dutch colonization in the Caribbean started in the 1620s on St. Croix and Tobago (1628), followed in 1631 with settlements on Tortuga and Saint Maarten. When the Dutch lost Saint Maarten (and Anguilla where they had built a fort shortly after arriving in Saint Maarten) to the Spanish, they settled  Curaçao and Sint Eustatius.. They regained half of Saint Maarten in 1648, from then on sharing the island with France. The border between the two portions of the island continued to be modified periodically, before being set for good in 1816.

Several other islands were captured and fortified to prevent Spanish attacks in the ongoing Dutch war for independence from Spain and to exploit timber and salt resources:

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In the Netherlands, the daalder and Rijksdaalder circulated alongside the gulden at values of 1½ and 2½ gulden. The rijksdaalder depicted a lion; hence its Dutch name was leeuwendaler (German löwenthaler).

the Netherlands controlled the Hudson River Valley from 1609 until 1664, in that short time, Dutch entrepreneurs established New Netherland, a series of trading posts, towns, and forts up and down the Hudson River that laid the groundwork for towns that still exist today

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Netherlands

West Friesland - Rijksdaalder

dated 1623

$225.00

Netherlands

Utrecht - Rijksdaalder

dated 1622

$225.00

Netherlands

Lion Daalder

dated 1621

$200.00

Netherlands

Gelderland

Lion Dalder

dated 1647

$189.00

Netherlands

West Friesland

Lion Daalder

dated 1641

$190.00

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Netherlands

West Friesland

Lion Daalder

dated 1668

$190.00

Netherlands

Gelderland

Lion Daalder

dated 1641

$190.00

Netherlands

Kampen

Lion Daalder

dated 1648

$220.00

Netherlands

Gelderland

Lion Daalder

dated 1644

$210.00

Netherlands

Minted in Holland

Lion Daalder

dated 1662

$200.00

Spanish Netherlands

Brabant/Antwerp

Ducaton

circa 1639

$395.00

Netherlands

Zeelands

1/2 RijksDaalder

dated 1620

$345.00

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for Additional Cobs and Coins CLICK HERE

Colonial Lead Seals

Authentic Coin Jewelry

8 Reales

Sao Jose Shipwreck

Ring   China Trade Currency

Lion Daalders

  2 Reales in 14kt Gold

Santiago 1585

1715 Fleet Study Collection

El Cazador   Caribean  Florida 1700's maps

Colonial & Shipwreck Gold

Dry Tortugas Shipwreck

Art McKee

Royal Cob Research

Bob Allison Treasure Museum SS Central America